Other names: Seahorse
Latin name: Hippocampus
class: Bony fish
size: 1.5 - 30cm
Older: 1 - 5 years
Appearance: yellow, orange, black, purple, white
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: predominantly plankton eater (planktivor)
foodShrimp, crayfish, plankton
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
natural enemies: Predatory fish
sexual maturity: with 3 - 5 months
mating season: all year round
'Breeding season': 10 - 12 days
Possible offspring: up to 1000 eggs
social behavior: group building
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the seahorse
- In the seahorses, the males have the task of giving birth to their offspring. In the mating season, the females lay their eggs in the fanny pack of the males. As soon as the young hatch, the male opens his fanny pack and releases his offspring into freedom.
- Currently, about 70 different seahorse species are known. The smallest become just 1.5cm, the largest 30cm tall.
- Seahorses are sensitive to contaminated water. Their occurrence therefore always speaks for a good water quality.
- Between 50 and 1000 eggs is housed in a male sea horse in his fanny pack.
- Seahorses, despite their name, are not related to the land-based horses. While seahorses belong to the class of bony fish, horses are mammals.
- Only about 1% of hatched seahorses reach adulthood.
- Seahorses do not have a real swim fin, which is why they are just bad and slow swimmers. In flowing or low-vegetation habitats, survival is therefore hardly possible.
- Contrary to popular belief, seahorses do not live in solid partner relationships. With each new mating season change the partners.
- Some seahorse species, like chameleons, can change color.
- In traditional Asian medicine, a healing effect is attributed to the seahorse. Every year, millions of seahorses are caught, pulverized and sold at high prices.