Surname: Monkey bread tree
Latin name: Adansonia
Number of species: 8
circulation area: Africa, Madagascar, Australia
fruit: Baobab fruit, 10-35cm long, contains about 50-150 seeds
heyday: possible all year round
height: 5 - 20m
Older: up to 2000 years
Properties of the bark: gray-brown, stable
Properties of the wood: soft
Locations of the tree: predominantly dry savanna
leaf: oval, light to dark green, rubbery consistency
Interesting facts about the baobab
The group of Baobabs counts to the order of the Malvenartigen and is subdivided according to condition of the blooms, fruits and seeds into several kinds. Baobab trees are one of the largest deciduous trees and are native to much of the African continent, as well as Australia and Madagascar. The most well-known representative is the baobab or African baobab, which characterizes the landscape of dry savannahs and coastal and brackish water areas at altitudes of up to 1500 meters with its characteristic appearance. Depending on the climatic zone in which the baobab tree grows, it develops special characteristics in terms of its appearance and shape in order to adapt to the weather conditions of its homeland.
The monkey-bread tree has a very broad and strong, but comparatively low trunk, which reaches a diameter of up to ten and a height of a maximum of twenty meters. He is of a gray-brown or gray color and has a smooth surface. In the mighty, sometimes beady trunk, up to 150,000 liters of water can be stored in rainy seasons, due to the spongy and fibrous structure of the wood.
From the short trunk rises a large and spreading treetop whose growth can sometimes develop very bizarre forms. Baobab trees are among the deciduous species, whose leathery and usually lanceolate or oval-shaped leaves always re-form depending on the weather conditions. From spherical buds, the pendulous, outwardly greenish or brownish flowers develop with a white, pink or red interior. The fruits are considered sweet treats in Africa and contain substances that are used as remedies for various purposes. As an important water donor is the baobab tree in his homeland as well as a supplier of wood, from which, among other things, paper, clothing, baskets and boats are made.
Monkey bread trees can reach an age of up to two thousand years, depending on their geographic location. In their homeland Africa they are considered as living trees, with which numerous legends and myths are connected. A baobab tree is often the place where the locals hold important events, gatherings and ceremonies. Small baobab trees are very popular in Europe as indoor plants. Such mini specimens are usually barely higher than one and a half meters.